way of holding ministers to account and low levels of participation udermine the legitimacy of politicsl institutions and processes
brings the government's mandate into question, which questions their rignt to enact their manifesto if they gain power.
low level of particioation also has an impact on its quality and effectiveness.
Paul Whitley highlighted in politics review of 2009 the link between government effectiveness in 37 countries. it shows that higher levels of participation more likely to have an effective government.