- Created by: petraral
- Created on: 20-02-18 19:53
Defeat during the Crimean War (1853-56) led to Russia being seen as the 'sick man of Europe.'
The West (Britain and France) were successful for numerous reasons:
- Their soldiers were properly trained, unlike Russia's largely serf-based army.
- Modern warfare, with its use of advanced weaponry and transport (long-range rifles and steam ships) needed modern soldiers to match, not illiterate serfs.
- The new energy of the Western campaign, encompassed by their newspapers, civilian populations, cables, modern ships, and communications, were all at great contrast to Russia's fumbling and limited campaign.
- More significantly, industrial growth was at the root of their success; it had led to improved technology, communications and general modernity in the West.
What were Russia's failures? And what did these failures reflect about society as a whole?
- The Russian soldier, although patriotic, was ill-equipped for modern warfare, lacking both basic supplies and modern weaponry.
- The Russian serf-based army was only effective in full-frontal attacks, not in smaller units.
- Russian casualties were extremely high…