tudor government

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How did royal power increase after the Reformation?

       Crown is Supreme Head of the Church

       More power and prestige

       Pope is removed and the Catholic Church weakened

       Crown can decide on religious matters (doctrine)

       Gains wealth from monasteries and can collect church taxes (First Fruits and Tenths)

       Land from monasteries is a source of patronage and enables Henry to finance war


How was this power maintained?

       Power is maintained through the Treason Act, 1534

       An oath had to be taken accepting the royal supremacy (Act of Succession, 1534)

       Fear. Those who opposed were dealt with harshly – abbots of Reading, Colchester & Glastonbury, Thomas More, Robert Aske etc.

       Measures are given force of law through Parliament e.g. Acts for Dissolutions of the monasteries in 1536 & 1539, Act of Six Articles, 1539.

       Propaganda is used. The printing press and the pulpit help to put across government line.

       Cromwell, a layman, is given day to day control of church matters from 1535.

       Church is closely controlled. Loses legal powers in early 1530s. Church money goes to Crown.

       Heir to the throne (Edward) is committed to maintaining royal supremacy


Changing Relations – The Church

       The Church is now


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