How did royal power increase after the Reformation?
• Crown is Supreme Head of the Church
• More power and prestige
• Pope is removed and the Catholic Church weakened
• Crown can decide on religious matters (doctrine)
• Gains wealth from monasteries and can collect church taxes (First Fruits and Tenths)
• Land from monasteries is a source of patronage and enables Henry to finance war
How was this power maintained?
• Power is maintained through the Treason Act, 1534
• An oath had to be taken accepting the royal supremacy (Act of Succession, 1534)
• Fear. Those who opposed were dealt with harshly – abbots of Reading, Colchester & Glastonbury, Thomas More, Robert Aske etc.
• Measures are given force of law through Parliament e.g. Acts for Dissolutions of the monasteries in 1536 & 1539, Act of Six Articles, 1539.
• Propaganda is used. The printing press and the pulpit help to put across government line.
• Cromwell, a layman, is given day to day control of church matters from 1535.
• Church is closely controlled. Loses legal powers in early 1530s. Church money goes to Crown.
• Heir to the throne (Edward) is committed to maintaining royal supremacy
Changing Relations – The Church
• The Church is now…