- Attempts to encourage and build up the community during Nero's persecution of gentiles- writing for a community in crisis (community forming literature)
- Demonstrated in emphasis on discipleship, evil and suffering (crucifixion).
- Creates a sense of urgency.
- Jesus begins his ministry with the declaration "time is fulfilled" (MK1:14)
- word "immediately" occurs 42 times.
- Perhaps warning followers of the imminent coming of the Parousia.
- emphasis on Jesus' actions rather than words.
- Portrays Jesus' death as the goal of his life and mission.
- Jesus' enemies plot to kill him from the beginning (MK3:6)
- Perhaps links to Nero's persecution.
- Appeals to gentiles
- uses rough koine Greek
- translates Aramaic phrases (MK15:35) and explains Jewish customs (MK7:3-4)
- Create a biography of Jesus
- Stanton- it is "a bios, a biography" (The Gospels and Jesus).
- Emphasis on disciple failure- Stanton highlights how they often misunderstand e.g. feeding of the 5000/ 4000.
- Papias- interpreter of Peter. However, there are few stories about Peter and MK's theme are more closely linked with those of Paul.
- Uses organisational patterns
- Arranged teaching of Jesus into 5 blocks, linking to the pentateuch. Stanton- possibly new Moses?
- There are 12 fulfillment quotations, linking to the 12 tribes of Israel.
- Genealogy (MT1:1-17) contains 14 generations, corresponding to the number of David's name (DVD=14).
- Gives Peter special prominence
- Includes a number of stories about him not found elsewhere.
- Calls Peter "the rock on which I will build my church." (MT16)
- Matthew is not…