The Behavioural Model Of Addiction
Behaviourist theory states that we learn behaviours by means of Operant Conditioning, Classical Conditioning & Social Learning Theory (SLT) or Modelling.
We can begin explaining the Behaviourist model by looking at Classical & Operant Conditioning.
From the point of view of Classical Conditioning, an addict may get a craving for their addictive behaviour or substance even in it's abscence, by the prescence of "cues", that remind the addict of their addiction (e.g. a heroin addict may see a hypodermic needle and thus feel a need to take heroin).
Operant Conditioning suggests that addictive behaviours are repeated in order to gain a reward or avoid a punishment. So for addicts there rewards will be the various "highs" or comforts they get from their addiction, and the punishments - withdrawal symptoms.
This leads us on the the Cue-Reactivity Theory
Studies show us that, addicts, when presented with various cues, situations or objects to remind them of their addiction, they react both Psychologically & Biologically to the…