Cognitive model of addiction

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  • Cognitive Model
    • This approach looks at thought processes behind addiction.
      • e.g. I feel more confident when I drink
    • Beck et al
      • cycle that explains how addiction can spiral out of control
      • Low mood-addiction-financial, social or medical problems
    • Cognitive model can be used in therapy session to help reduce addictive behaviour.
      • help identify the thoughts which trigger their addictive behaviour
      • cognitive behaviour often contains a behavioural component which teaches new skills to avoid addiction eg relaxation skills
    • three other models for addiction
      • Self-medication model- individuals resort to addictive behaviours when stressed. it offers distraction and regulates mood.
      • Expectancy theory- addicts have a more positive view of the outcomes of their behaviour than non addicts
      • Rational choice theory- people often conduct cost benefit analysis before they do certain behaviours. addicts may believe benefits outweigh outcome.


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