- Created by: themoderrnage
- Created on: 20-04-21 12:44
- Critical views of the role of the family and how it serves the needs of the elites in society and impacts on the working class.
- Key Marxist sociologists include:
- Friedrich Engels
- Louis Althusser
- Eli Zaretsky
- Arlie Hochschild
Engels' Evolution of the Family
- Engels suggested that the family unit and monogamy evolved in response to the private ownership of property.
- The need for legitimate heirs to pass on property led to the control of sexual behaviours and the development of monogamous relationships.
- Patrilineal inheritance meant that in order to be sure of a child's father, people formed monogamous relationships to protect claims on their property.
Evaluation of Engels' Theory
- Feminists critics have suggested that Engels sees the role of women and children as being influenced solely by economics; patriarchal control is another factor.
- Little historical evidence of the 'promiscuous horde' that Engels describes as pre-dating inheritance and monogamy.
- Infidelity still exists and paternity is not certain despite monogamous marriages.
Althusser's Theory of Ideological State…