Stress-Related Illness: Cardiovascular and Psychiatric Disorders



  • Acute and chronic stress can affect different aspects of the cardiovascular system.. e.g.:
  • Hypertension
  • Coronary heart disease 
  • Stroke
  • Although these cardiovascular disorders are affected by lifestyle, diet, smoking. Stress has become increasingly implicated in th development of all of the disorders listed above. 
  • There are a number of suggestions which impose that stress may cause cardiovascular problems:
  • stress avticates the SNS of the autonomic nervous system, leads to a constriction of the blood vessels and a rise in blood pressure and heart rate. 
  • An increase in heart rate may wear away the lining of the blood vessels.
  • Stress leads to increased glucose levels, leads to clumps blocking the blood vessels.
  • Cardiovascular Disorders and Anger (An Acute Stressor)
  • A study was conducted to test whether anger was linked to heart disorder.
  • 13,000 poeple completed a 10 question anger scale, including self opinions (hot-headed how they were and what caused etc.) 
  • On the onset of study none suffered from heart disease. 
  • Six years later 256 had eperiences heart attacks, scoring higher were 21/2 times more likely to have a hear attack that those with lower ratings. 
  • Those scoring moderate were 35% more likely.
  • Anger may lead to cardiovascular disease.
  • Cardiovascular Disorders And Work-Related Stress (A Chronic Stressor)
  • Heart disease in medical professionals looked at. 
  • One group were designated as high-stress while others low-stress.
  • Heart…


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