Globalisation involves the interconnection of nation states and the individuals within them. This interconnectedness is reflected in terms of culture, economics and politics.
Globalisation refers to 2 related processes;
A blurring of Geographical Boundaries, and increased connectivity between individuals, nations and regions.
An increased awareness amongst the world’s population of this interconnectedness
Causes of Globalisation:
Global Crises – some issues need to be addressed on an international level
Transnational elites –seen a rise in organisation which transcend the borders of individual nations, e.g. WTO, UN and TNC
Trade Liberalisation – the rise of Neoliberalism increased global trade as trade barriers were removed (laissez faire and Thatcher/Reagan)
The end of the Cold war – the world was divided by the conflict between capitalism and communism. The end of this was significant by the collapse of the Berlin wall – ideas could flow freely
Technological Innovation – internet i.e. satellite, technology have speeded globalisation as people have instant communication and 24 hour news = Global Village
Transport and Tourism – people are experiencing global cultures first hand and sharing ideas, food etc
Impact of Globalisation
Economic Impacts – a global economy rather than making and selling goods within a single country. Activity is now on a global scale.
Diffusion of production – supply of materials, manufacturing and distribution is split across…