Domestic Division of labour(DDOL)- (gender roles)
FUNCTIONALISM (Parsons, 1955) - segregated conjugal roles in nuclear family. Instrumental (men) expressive (women). Reasons- biological differences, women are naturally suited for nurturing.
Criticism- Outdated view, Socially created, benefits men.
March of Progress view - Young and Wilmott (1973)- becoming more equal for all members. move to a symmetrical family. roles of man and women are similar. Couples spend time together. Family is home centred, child centred, and affluent (wealthy). Reasons - New technology, more wealth and higher standard of living, geographical mobility.
EARLY FEMINIST VIEWS- family relationships are unequal.
Oakley (1974)- family is not symmetrical. 15% men do housework, 25% childcare. men dont take responsibility for domestic tasks. Women- low pay, extention of their 'housewife role' (nursing/childcare)
RECENT FEMINIST VIEWS-Patriarchy, dual burden (paid work and unpaid housework)
Triple shift (paid work, domestic work, emotional…