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What are attributions?

  • psychology of people watching, process of assigning a cause to our behaviour

Attribution theories: naïve psychologist (Heider, 1958)

  • people act like common sense scientists, forming intuitive reasoning for behaviour, feel our behaviour is reasoned
  • causal theories mean we look for stable and enduring properties in environment, traits in people or stable situations
  • we discriminate between internal and external causes

Attributional theories: correspondence inference (Jones & Davies, 1965)

  • we rely on five cues for correspondence inference
  • (1) behaviour freely chosen (2) behavuur produces non common effect (3) behaviour is socially desirable (4) behaviour has important outcome (5) behaviour directed to us 
  • 1-4 behaviour is…

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