• Created by: James
  • Created on: 10-06-12 19:38


Hinduism began about 5,000 years ago in India, Hindus call their religion 'Sanatan Dharma' which means eternal truths.

Hindus believe in one main god called Brahman who chose him self in many different ways such as Brahma the creator Shiva the destroyer and Vishnu the preserver. 

Atman = Soul

Samsara = Reincarnation -> re-birth of the soul, what you are reincarnated as depends on how good you have been.

Moksha = Escape Re-Birth

Karma = Rewarded in reincarnation depending on how good/bad you've been.

Dharma = Doing your duty

Importance of cows

  • Cows sustain life with dairy products
  • Symbolic - cow gives whilst taking in so little
  • The cow is a protected animal in Hinduism

Caste is how society is ordered in Hinduism, it depends on the circumstances you have been born into. [Top to Bottom] Brahmins (Priests and Advisors) -> Kshatriyas (Rulers and Fighters) -> Vaishas (traders and skilled workers) ->Shdras (unskilled workers) -> Untouchbles

Worship - it is the act of showing love and devotion to deity, people or object


Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (pronounced: [ˈmoːɦənd̪aːs ˈkərəmtʃənd̪ ˈɡaːnd̪ʱi]; 2 October 1869– 30 January 1948), commonly known as Mahatma Gandhi, was the preeminent leader of Indian nationalism in British-ruled India. Employing non-violent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for non-violence, civil rights and freedom across the world.

Son of a senior government official, Gandhi was born and raised in a Hindu Bania community in coastal Gujarat, and trained in law in London. Gandhi became famous by fighting for the civil rights of Muslim and Hindu Indians in South Africa, using the new techniques of non-violent civil disobedience that he developed. Returning to India in 1915, he set about organising peasants to protest excessive land-taxes. A lifelong opponent of "communalism" (i.e. basing politics on religion) he reached out widely to all religious groups. He became a leader of Muslims protesting the declining status of the Caliphate. Assuming leadership of the Indian National Congress in 1921, Gandhi led nationwide campaigns for easing poverty, expanding women's rights, building religious and ethnic amity, ending untouchability, increasing economic self-reliance, and above all for achieving Swaraj—the independence of India from British domination.

Gandhi led Indians in protesting the national salt tax with the 400 km (250 mi) Dandi Salt March in 1930, and later in demanding the British to immediately Quit India in 1942, during World War II. He was imprisoned for that and for numerous other political offenses over the years. Gandhi sought to practice non-violence and truth in all situations, and advocated that others do the same. He saw the villages as the core of the true India and promoted self sufficiency; he did not support the industrialization programs of his disciple Jawaharlal Nehru. He lived modestly in a self-sufficient residential community and wore the traditional Indian dhoti and shawl, woven with yarn he had…


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