(notes taken from the CGP revision guides)
- Reflexes are involuntary responses.
- Reflexes are rapid and automatic responses to certain stimuli.
- Reflexes are quick because you don't think about them - they are involuntary.
- Many reflexes are there to protect you from damage e.g. pulling your hand off a hot object.
- Many animals also depend on reflexes for things like finding food or a mate.
- The route taken by the information in a reflex is called a reflex arc.
- The reflex arc goes through the Central Nervous System.
- The neurones in reflex arcs go through the spinal cord or through an unconscious part of the brain.
- When a stimulus is detected by receptors, an impulse is set along a sensory neurone to the CNS.
- In the CNS the sensory neurone passes on the message to another type of neurone - a relay neurone.