Psychology - Bennett-Levy and Marteau's - Aims and Context

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  • Created by: jkav
  • Created on: 06-04-15 10:51

Aims and Context

  • Evolutionary psychology suggests certain fears are adaptive behaviours that help our distant ancestors to survive.
  • Sellingman (1971) proposed the concept of biological procedures - an inherited predisposition to fear certain classes of animals, such as snakes.
  • Three observations to support this belief:
  • The distribution of animals phobias is non-random, i.e. Certain animals such as spiders, are often the object of fears, whereas others, such as files, are not.
  • Fears of those animals is not matched by traumatic experience, i.e. People may fear spiders dispite there having been no actual contact to have triggered the fear.
  • Fears often appear very early in life, reaching a peak of


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