PSYA3 Aggression - Institutional Aggression

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  • Created by: emilyleah
  • Created on: 28-05-13 12:42

Institutional Aggression

AO1

Importation model – Irwin and Cressey (1962) Inter-personal Factors
- People who enter prison already have certain characteristics e.g. values + attitudes that predispose them to inter-personal violence

- Institutional aggression is not a product of institution but characteristics of violent individuals who enter the institution

Deprivation model – Sykes (1958) Situational Factors
- It’s the characteristics of the prison rather than inmates that account for violence in prisons.

- Argued it is the experience of prison that causes stress and frustration for inmates that leads to violence against other inmates and members of prison staff

Zimbardo (1973) Stamford Prison Experiment
- The aim of the study was to see how individuals reacted in an institution wanted to look at how both prison staff and inmates are affected

- Participants = 24 volunteers described as ‘normal’ and ‘healthy’ who were male college students middle class and white

- Participants randomly assigned prisoner or guard and both sets were given uniforms to promote feelings of anonymity

- Found that following an attempted revolt by prisoners the guards became more extreme in behaviour, prisoners showed signs of distress and were humiliated. Shows how itt is the institution that affects behaviour (situational factors)

IF THE QUESTIONS ASKS FOR ONE OR MORE SOCIAL EXPLANTION USE ZIMBARDO’S STUDY AS AO2 SUPPORT FOR THE DEPRIVATION

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