Hodges and Tizzard – 65 children were studied in a longitudinal study of how institutional care and a lack of attachment would affect future relationships and attachments, as well as social development. The children began at the age of 4 and the study involved self-report questionnaires and from the children, interviews with the children, observations and questionnaires from the carers. The children had no chance to form attachments as they had such a high staff turnover in the institution. By 16, the majority had been adopted or restored to their previous family, with a small % staying in institutionalised care. The findings were that those who had been restored had a higher percentage of insecure attachment than those who were adopted by new families, suggesting disruption may permanently damage attachments. All of the children suffered social issues, eg making friends.
Rutter – Studied 100 Romanian orphans who were transferred to the UK in an attempt to investigate whether the improved care would ‘fix’ the disruption problems caused in Romania. It found that those who were adopted by british families before 6 months of age showed ‘normal’ development, whereas the others showed disinhibited attachment.
Genie – Feral girl, she was tied…