Population Growth and Structure

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Demographic Transition Model

Stage 1: BR= high and fluctuating + DR= high and fluctuating due to: 

  • no use of contraception
  • many infants die so people have lots of children
  • poor healthcare

BR= DR so no population growth

Population size is low and steady.

Stage 2: BR= high and steady + DR= rapidly falling due to:

  • no use of contraception
  • economy is agriculture based so children needed to work on farms
  • improved healthcare

BR > DR so population growth rate is very high

Population size…


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