Native Americans and the supreme court


Native Americans and the Supreme Court

  • Cherokee Nation v Hitchcock (1902) - The Cherokees one of the five civilised tribes of Oklahoma continued to challenge their rights to live according to their own laws and traditions 
  • Lone Wolf v Hitchcock (1903)- Lone Wolf was a Kiowa cheif who along, with the Cammanches made the medicine lodge treaty in 1867 that established resevation lands for the use of tribes. It contained a clause asserting that the agreement of four-fifths of the male population would be needed to change in terms of the Treaty. Subsequently, Congress allotted several million acres of land ignoring the treaty. Lone Wolf began legal action against Ethan Hitchcock. Secratry of State for the interior. The judgement was not handed down until the death of Lone Wolf. It was significant because it established the rights of congress to revoke all treaties and led to the further aquisition of Indian lands. 
  • Bursum Bill (1922)- Authorised the aquisition of Pueblo lands. 
  • Leavit Bill (Dance Order 1926)- This prohbited them from performing some of their traditional, ritual dances and was percieved by some as an attack on their civil and religious rights. Consequently in 1923 a group of writers and anthrapologists formed the American Indian Defence Association. 
  • Harrison v Laveen (1948)- is regarded as one of the most important legal cases in American Indian history. Frank Harrison and Harry Austin were members of the Mohawk-Apache tribe. When they tried to register their vote the country recorder refused to allow it. Although the courts decided in their favour other states in the west continued to restrict the voting rights of Indians. 
  • Oneida v Oneida and Madison Counties (1974)- This was a case brought before the Supreme Court to establish the


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