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Native American Rights Statistics
Beginning Middle End
Land Rights
and
Conditions on
the
Reservations
Amount of land 150 million acres of reservation land Reservation land had been Reservation land had been slightly
owned. in 1887 was reduced to 78 million reduced to only 50 million increased to 52.4 million acres by 1990.
acres by 1900. acres by the 1930s. However, vast tracts of land remained in
dispute.…read more

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Tribal Rights
and
Selfdetermin
ation
Traditions and Natives were forced to give up their Natives were generally freer to Forced assimilation was ended by Nixon
religions. traditions and religions, for example follow their traditions and in 1968, therefore Natives were free to
men were forced to give up polygamy religions due to Cherokee v follow their traditions and religions.
and were no longer allowed to show Hitchcock (1902). Many urban Natives began returning to
their skills as hunters or healers.…read more

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Poor communication meant that Indian Education Act 1972 and Indian
pupils became bored and frustrated. Education Assistance Act 1975.
Boarding schools Native children were taken away from By the interwar years, boarding Nearly all boarding school were closed
and removal of their parents and sent to boarding schools had begun to be and reservation schools were built.
schools with terrible conditions.…read more

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Native American Land Rights and Conditions on Reservations ­ Federal
Government Help/Hinder
Area of Beginning Middle End
land
rights
Amount of Impact: Impact: Impact:
land owned. 150 million acres of reservation Reservation land had been reduced Reservation land had been slightly increased
land in 1887 was reduced to 78 to only 50 million acres by the 1930s. to 52.4 million acres by 1990.
million acres by 1900. However, vast tracts of land remained in
dispute.…read more

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Evidence: However, in the 1970s poverty on
Employment opportunities on the Evidence: reservations decreased by as much as 20% on
reservations were not provided by Little was by the federal government many reservations.
the federal government. to provide employment on the
reservations. Evidence:
The Meriam Report (1928) raised Little was by the federal government to
awareness of Native American provide employment on the reservations.
poverty.
Welfare aid.…read more

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The high birth rate was due to lack of The increase in population increased poverty.
education and lack of contraception.
The increase in population increased
poverty .…read more

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Native American Tribal Rights and SelfDetermination ­ Federal Government
Help/Hinder
Area of Beginning Middle End
tribal
rights
Traditions Impact: Impact: Impact:
and religions. Natives were forced to give up their Natives were generally freer to follow Forced assimilation was ended by Nixon
traditions and religions, for example their traditions and religions. in 1968, therefore Natives were free to
men were forced to give up polygamy Native American women's follow their traditions and religions.…read more

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Selfdetermin Impact: Impact: Impact:
ation. Most reservations were controlled by Natives did not move much closer to Many Natives gained selfdetermination.
federal agents , who were often achieving selfdetermination.
corrupt, and Natives had little say.
However, some reservations had their Evidence:
own " court of offences ", where minor Evidence: Public Law 280 (1953) gave criminal
crimes were tried and the judges were US v Nice (1916) held that it was up to jurisdiction over Native Americans to the
Natives.…read more

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Native American Citizenship Rights (Political, Education, Conditions in the
Cities) ­ Federal Government Help/Hinder
Area of Beginning Middle End
citizenship
rights
Citizenship. Impact: Impact: Impact:
In 1865, Natives lacked citizenship, More Natives gained citizenship in Natives retained citizenship.
but many gained citizenship in 1887. 1924.
Evidence: Evidence:
The General Allotment Act (Dawes The Indian Citizenship Act 1924
Act) of 1887 meant that landowning increased the number of Native
Natives paid taxes, therefore gained Americans who had citizenship rights.…read more

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