Peterson and Peterson 1959- consonant trigram and number. 80% accuracy with 3s, <10% with 18s. (STM duration).
Conrad 1964- errors with similar consonants eg C,B,D in chain rather than dissimilar. Shows STM encoding is acoustic.
Jacobs 1887- unrelated digits/letters recall. Average 7 +/-2. (STM capacity).
Cowan 2001- suggested chunking limit was 4.
Bahrick et al 1975- 392 graduates shown year book. 60% accuracy with recognition, 20% accuracy with recall. Declined after 42 years. (LTM duration).
Baddeley 1966- similar sounds/ meanings. Errors recalling semantically similar= LTM semantic encoding. (LTM encoding).
Atkinson and Shifrin 1968-made multi store memory model.
Glanzer and Cunitz- serial position effect supports role of rehearsal in MSM.
Ruchkin et al 2003- higher acitivity for real words than pseudo so STM part of LTM, not linear seperate stores. (Against MSM).
Craik and Tulving 1975- depth of encoding is more important than rehearsal.
Baddeley and Hitch 1974- made…