- marxists recognise that ideas including some religious ones can have relative autonomy as a rseult religion can be a force for change as well as stability. Marx doesn't see religion in an entirely negative term, he describes it as the heart of a heartless world.
- ENGELS- argues that although religion inhibits change by disguising inequality, it can also challenge the status quo and therefore encourage social change. For example, religion sometimes preaches liberation from slavery and misery
- BLOCH- also sees religion as having a dual character. he argues a view of religion that recognises both its +ves and -ves influences on society. He acknowledges that it can inspire protest. religious beliefs may therefore create a vision of a better world which combined with effect political organisation and leadership can…