Marxism and class inequalities

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  • The bourgeoisie exploit the working class through the system of wage labour.

  • Capitalists pay workers less than the value of what they produce in order that they make a profit (surplus value).

  • The working class get poorer and the ruling class get richer. Inequality grows.

  • Ownership of the means of production gives people the power to determine their own salaries as well as those of their workers.

    The capitalist system, which relies on social inequality, is legitimised by the state.

    The state controls our thoughts through the Ideological State Apparatus (ISA) e.g. media, religion, education. (Althusser; 1977)

    This creates a false class…


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