Living Spaces

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FACTORS INFLUENCING HOW WE VIEW PLACES

  • Age
  • Mobility 
  • Cultural Background
  • Knowledge and Perception
  • Economic Status

Economic= access to services, job opportunities , transport links etc

Social= crime rates, healthcare, education, risk of disease etc

Political= opportunity to vote, freedom of speech and movement

Environmental= available water, soil fertility, likelihood of hazards etc

RURAL IDYLL

  • image that people make of rural areas e.g. less crime, more open space
  • creates high demand for housing
  • demand from people -----> housing prices rise
  • wealthy people bought second homes---> demand increase...so do the prices locals might not afford them
  • population rises due to holiday second homes in summer however it declines in winter causing pubs and shops to close down
  • children have to travel to schools
  • lack of employment opportunities as wages might me lower

COUNTER URBANISATION

  • rural idyll 
  • growth of it means people could work at home
  • PUSH--> transport means people do not have to work where they live, expensive housing, higher crime rates and levels of noise also air pollution

DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: URBANISATION

  • PULL= employment opportunities, better education, better health care, utility
  • PUSH= lack of medical care, no jobs, lack of education, no electricity
  • this has lead to high natural increase ( young age of migrants so more births and fewer deaths due to improved health care) 
  • this leads to squatter settlements
  • SQUATTER SETTLEMENTS= an area with poor housing conditions, no running water, lack of security leads to high crime rates
  • lack of schools, public transport and health care. Houses are often built illegally --> no security

Urban growth: towns and cities are expanding, covering a greater area of land

Urbanisation: an increasing proportion of people living in towns and cities

Mega cities: those with over 10 million people.

RURAL TO URBAN MIGRATION : CHINA CASE STUDY

  • better life
  • conflicts between city people and village people
  • people not friendly
  • "urban society" --> more than

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