How far was Stalin responsible for the Great Terror?

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  • Set up the Cheka and gulags


  • Appointed Yezhov as Head of the NKVD
  • Signed Order 0047
  • Issued the Doctrine of Sharpening Class Struggle
  • Set targets for arrests
  • Intitiated the terror following Kirov's murder


  • Issued Order 0047


  • Arrested people and carried out executions

Russian people

  • Informed the NKVD

Interpretations of the Terror

Totalitarian view

  • Stalin planned and was responsible for the terror
  • His personality was central to the way in


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