Families and households

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The Functionalist persepetive on the family.

  • Functionalist believe that society is based on the value of consensus- a set of shared norms and values-into which society socialises its members.
  • Functionalists see the family as a particularly important su-system- abasic building block of society.
  • Murdock (1949) argues that the family performs four functions to meet the needs of society.
  • 1. Stable satisfaction of sex drive- with the same partner, preventing the social disruption caused by sexual "free for all". 
  • 2. Reproduction of the next generation,without which society could not continue.
  • 3. Socialisation of the Young, ino society's


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