F104TEC Building Design

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Building Design

Key Factors and influences

  • Brief (client driven)
  • Final design
  • controlled by client expectations (tricky area requiring acertaining as much information as possible, input of their information AND expected information without it being said
  • Regulations (compliance with H&S, building regs etc)
  • Standards (over and above required ISO BS robust details)
  • Manufacturer guidence
  • Traditional practice

There is a theory behind design, which gives it structure, quantifies and qualitfies it.

the structure needs to follow a stragegy; a sequence of distinct and and identifiable activities which occur in a logical order

see paper 1608 pg 8

cyclical process where the initial ideas goes through various stages adding in factors requiring consideration that do not necessarily marry each other building performance, cost, technical feasability, safety implications


following the development of the initial layout it is likely that a compromise will be required and the process restarted. if this is a well controlled process each resulting layout produced should result in a more acceptable compromise --- of course the design team are not going to do that for free!! let alone time, expense of inflation.


the multi dimensional design approach uses the skills of various designers to have an input and will range from engineers (structural elements) to suppliers (if a large amount of their product is being used)

the use of a method provides the designer with a checklist to ensure that the design,as it passes through its stages will be well considered

Imperfect information, clients objectives must be clearly understood, any objectives considered taken for granted must be clariefied to ensure its meets with the clients expectations. There will client constraints to build in which will include location of site, use, occupiers requirements, cost, time and legal constraints

models used will be drawn plans, some developments will be expanded to include physical models

the cost model is the bill of quantitiies

The result will be a well designed building

well balanced between aesthetic aims and the construction method

Appearance is what opinions are generally formed and this is entirely subjective.

however appearance may arise from decisions about other performance requirements, it does reinforce the view that performance and appearance are insepreable in a building. to evoke a response primarily satisfactory one which indicates that the design is sucessful.

Designers will work to Euclids golden rule of proportion and symetry whos theory suggests is the most pleasing to the human eye, this apply to components of the building a good example is the georgian window

the window also happens to be one of the most complex component of a building as it has many functions, ventilation, daylight, noise, view privacy, structural stability heat loss

paper 1608 pg 11 the designer as an intemeditary

the design is progressed through exploration and evaluation of the clients needs.

problems will be analyised prior to any drawings being produced the client will almost always receive some type


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