Development ToM

What is theory of mind?

  • persons' concept of mental activities; an understanding that other people possess mental states that involve ideas and views of the world that are different from our own

Self and others

  • by 18 months old, infants can recognise their desires are different to other people (Repacholi & Gopnik, 1997)

Testing for ToM

  • false belief tests most frequently used to determine if child has ToM


  • must be able to understand 'think' and 'know', words about emotion and desires
  • is aided by use of words depicting mental states

Cognitive abilities

  • to understand reality and truth
  • executive functions
  • > metacognition…


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