Democracy - Elections


Factors that affect the timing of an election:

  • An election must be held within a maximum of 5 years
  • Since the Fixed Term Parliment Act, you need a 2/3 majority. E.g. Theresa May got it in 2017
  • An opposition decides the timing
  • The Prime minister decides when the election will take place, especially if they know they will win

Differences between direct and representative democracy:

  • In representative democracy you vote MPs to act on your behalf
  • Whereas, in direct democracy you don't vote for a representative, instead you vote for yourself
  • Representative is based on elections, direct is based on referendums particularly
  • Direct democracy can prevent an elective dictatorship

Compulsory Voting:

  • ✓ Higher turnout
  • ✓ More democratic
  • ✓ Government would have a stronger mandate
  • ✓ Become more involved and educated in politics
  • X  It would take away your freedom, if you're being forced to vote
  • X  May not think before voting

Lowering the Voting age:

  • ✓ More democratic
  • ✓ They can do many things at the age of 16 (i.e. pay taxes, get married, etc)
  • ✓ Encourages them to be educated in politics
  • ✓ Young people are going to be most affected


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