crime and deviance 

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Molly
  • Created on: 27-11-12 16:17
View mindmap
  • crime and deviance
    • agencies of social control
      • formal social control
        • formal social control is carried out by agencies specifically set up to ensure that people conform to particular norms.
        • e.g police, courts and prisons force people to obey the law by means of formal sanctions.
      • informal social control
        • carried out by institutions whose primary purpose is not social control but still play an important role in it.
        • e.g family, education system, religion, mass media, workplace and peer groups.
    • Social construction of crime
      • NEWBURN (2007) suggested crime is basically a label attatched to certain forms of behaviour which are prohibbited by the state.
      • an act as only become a crime when a particular label of 'crime' has been applied to it.
        • e.g killing someone in a knife fight out side pub= crime. killing an enemy soldier with a knife in wartime= not a crime
      • interpret/ judge whether it is a crime or not= CRIME IS SOCIALLY CONSTRUCTED
    • social construction of deviance
      • rule breaking or non conformist acts
      • ambiguity, context, uncertainty, who the perosn is, motives etc...
      • depends on social expectations about what constitutes as 'normal' behaviour
        • e.g swearing at your mates in peer group unlikely to be defined as deviant, swearing at a teacher is.
    • societal and situational deviance
      • PLUMMER (1979) discusses two aspects of defining deviance
        • societal deviance
          • refers to acts that are seen by most members of society as deviant
        • situational deviance
          • refers to acts that are only defined as deviant in particular contexts.
      • non deviant crimes? e.g parking and speeding, under- age drinking, soft drug use, very common difficult to see as deviant.
      • the time: ciggarette smoking, since july 07 illegal to smoke indoors.
      • society/ culture: e.g smoking weed acceptable to some (rastafarians) but in britain its regarded deviant.
    • media and crime
      • provide knoledge about crime.
      • agenda-setting: influence over the issues people think about, cant report every crime or deviant act.
        • peoples perceptions of crime and deviance in society are influenced by what the media chooce to include or leave out
  • media and crime
    • provide knoledge about crime.
    • agenda-setting: influence over the issues people think about, cant report every crime or deviant act.
      • peoples perceptions of crime and deviance in society are influenced by what the media chooce to include or leave out

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all Crime and deviance resources »