Refers to a measure of how strongly two or more variables are related to each other. A positive correlation is when both variables are increasing, a negative correlation is when one variable increases whilst the other decreases.
Examples of studies
- · Maguire (AS) – looks at the relationship between navigational experience (number of years as a taxi driver) and the volume of grey matter in the hippocampus.
- · Daly & Wilson (A2) – looks at the relationship between homicide rate and life expectancy, and school truancy and life expectancy.
Similarities between a correlation and a lab experiment
P – High amounts of control from the use of scientific equipment.
E – Maguire, MRI scans done of all the taxi drivers brains.
E – Raine, PET scans done of all the murderers brains.
C – Supports psychology as a science as gives objective results.
P – Use quantitative data.
E – Daly & Wilson, life expectancy, homicide rate and truancy percentage.
E – Loftus & Palmer, Speed estimates and number who…