- The Earth's Lithosphere is made up of a mixture of minerals.
- The lithosphere is the Earth's rigid outer layer - the crust and part of the mantle below it.
- It's made up of a mixture of minerals, often containing silicon, oxygen and aluminium.
- Most of the silicon and oxygen in the Earth's crust exits as the compound silicon dioxide.
- Different types of rock contain different minerals and different elements. For example, limestone contains a lot of calcium, whereas sandstone contains a lot of silicon.
- Silicon dixide forms a giant covalant structure.
- Giant covalent structures, lie silicon dioxide, contain no charged ions.
- All the…