Monosaccharides- a single unit without glygosidic connections to other such units.
properties: white crystaline solid
soluble in water and other organic solvents
interacts with plane polarised light
glucose is in an equilibrium between its open chain form and its ring structure. ( the ring structure doent explain its reactivity).
The open chained form is an aldehyde (aldose as its a sugar)
The closed chain form is prefered in solution
Glucose and Galctose are reducing sugars ( as they are aldehydes in open form) and are hexose sugars.
cyclic sugars containing a six membered ring are called pyranoses
fructose is a non-reducing sugar ( its a ketone in open form) and a pentose sugar
cyclic sugars cantaining five membered rigs are called furanoses.
Oligosaccharides: monosacaharide units…