Britain in 1603

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  • 1509 - start of Henry VIII's reign
  • 1547 -  start of Edward VI's reign
  • 1553 - start of Mary I's reign
  • 1558 - start of Elizabeth I's reign
  • 1603 - start of James I's reign
  • 1625 - start of Charles I's reign
  • 1642 - First Civil War
  • 1649 - Second Civil War and the execution of Charles I


  • Scotland: united with England under James I but maintained its own Parliament, legal system, local government and religion; poorer than England; staunchly Protestant
  • Ireland: Henry VIII asserted the traditional English claim to be Lord of Ireland; Ireland remained a separate kingdom with its own Parliament, but was under the control of an English governor; Ireland had


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