Baron and Cohen

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Background - Autistic individuals are diagnosed with the 'Triad of Impairments': Difficulty with social interactions, difficulty with verbal and non- verbal communication and a lack of imagination.

Austistic people lack the theory of mind.

Aims:

  1. Adults with austism and AS with be impaired on the theory of mind tests.
  2. Within the 'normal population' females will do better than normal males.

Method:

  • Quasi experiment
  • Independent-measures design
  • Self-report measures

Variables:

IV = Whether the participant has autism or not.

DV= Correct responses to tests / how well the participants do.

Groups:

  1. High-functioning volunteer autistic participants ( 13 male, 3 female)
  2. Normal participants (25 females, 25 males) - Control group
  3. Tourette's participants (8 male, 2 female)

Controls:

Control group is controlled because of their age and IQ. Also to control extraneous and confounding variables.

Procedure: ( did four tasks to decrease order effects )

  1. Eye's task - 25 different faces only shown…

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