assumptions of 4 approaches

  • Created by: Sara.N
  • Created on: 02-05-14 19:54

1) two assumptions of the biological approach

  • assumption 1: behaviour can be explained interms of the brain. 
  • for example, the cerebal covers the surface of the brains and is divided into four lobes: frontal lobe, occipital lobe, parital lobe and temporal lobe.
  • different regions of the brain are localised/specialised for different function.
  • e.g. the frontal lobe is responsible for thinking and fine motor movement
  • the occipital lobe is responsible for sight and vision
  • assumption 2: behaviour can be explained interms of hormones.
  • hormones are biochemical substances that are produced in one part of the body
  • e.g. pituitary glands and adrenal glands
  • examples of hormones are: testosterone which is a male hormone and Oestrogen which is a female hormone.

2) two assumptions of the behaviourist approach

  • assumption 1: behaviour can be explained interms of operant conditioning
  • operant conditioning= new behaviour can be learnt through reinforcement, either positive or negative
  • Skinner demonstrated this with his rats or pigeons (skinner box).
  • he made them repeat their behaviour through being rewarded with…


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