Ancient Rome

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  • rejected the ideas of Greek medicine
  • Greek doctors reduced to slaves in 3rd and 2nd centuries BC
  • 293BC - plague outbreak meant an Asclepion was re-established in Rome and then became a public hospital for the poor/slaves
  • Julius Caesar allowed doctors to become Roman citizens in 46BC
  • knew they needed a strong and healthy army
  • Valetundinaria - hospitals for wounded soldiers
  • doctors were expected to removes arrows
  • Roman texts described operations to remove bladder stones and cataracts

Factors Which Led to Progress

  • wealthy
  • travellers - had an Empire took over the known world and imported goods and ideas to Rome
  • built roads which helped them travel
  • warlike - had the…


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