Alexander 3rd and Economy

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How far did Alexander III reform Russian between 1881 – 94?

  • Alexander II emancipated the serfs in 1861. Alex III halted many reforms.

  • He was taught be the conservative Pobedonostev.

  • Followed the slogan of Autocracy, Orthodoxy and Nationality.

  • Argued reform encouraged radicalism.

  • Reforming ministers were forced to resign.

  • A manifesto was introduced to keep absolute power to the Tsar.

  • Government controlled courts.

  • Press freedom restricted.

  • Foreign books and newspapers censored.

  • Okhrana powerful and feard.

  • Uni fees increased so only wealthy could attend.

  • Land Captains introduced to help rule Russia.

  • More government control over education

  • Governments chose who were in juries.

  • Russian became the offical language, all others were banned.

  • Jews experience Pogroms.

  • Alex III knew Russia needed to modernise.

  • Bunge reduced amount of tax paid by peasants and established a Peasants Land Bank to provide financial support for agriculture and to increase harvests.

  • Vsynegradsky introduced incentives for peasants to move to siberia where there was more land.

  • He also encouraged loans to modernise.

  • Severe famine – 2 million died.

  • Introduction of tariffs to encourage domestic buying of Russian goods.

Impact of Sergi Witte

  • Witte knew that: More foreign investment was needed, Russsia needed a larger business class, Russia need more peasants to work in factories.

  • He implemented: Government became more active in developing the economy, greater emphasis on coal, iron and…


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