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suffragists

  • lead by Millicent Fawcett
  • NUWSS- nationalunion of womens sufferage society
  • lead peceful protests,
  • wrote thousands of letter to parliment,
  • raised the profile of women
  • set up in 1897
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suffragettes

  • lead by Emmeline Pankhurst
  • WSPU- womens social and political union
  • lead violent protests
  • letter bombs
  • set fires
  • smashed church windows
  • inturrpted meetings in parliment
  • wanted to be noticed for their actions
  • arson attacks
  • chained themselves to railings
  • set up in1903( 6 years after suffragists)
  • reaction of authorities. 
  • cat and mouse act: campainers were put in prison, then they went on hunger strike so they were relesed to get better then re-arrested 
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arguments for and against female sufferage

for.

  • as members of society women should have a say in desision making
  • women had as much right as men
  • they could already vote in local elections in 1888 so why not in parliment to
  • wommen could vote in places like: New zeland, Austrailia and parts of USA.(British colonies)
  • modern women were more indepentent+ educated that previous women
  • it would be demorcratic to give women the vote

against

  • some men argued polotics was unsuited for women- theyhad no interest or understanding in it.
  • even Queen Victoria was against the vote for women.
  • there were much more important issues to fight for than the vote.
  • some people said that the violent tactics of some campainers proved women did not deserve the vote.
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suffragists success

effective

  • raised profile of women.
  • earnt women respect
  • stopped campianing during war(earnt them respect)
  • they weredoing lots of work behind the scences.

ineffective.

  • their resoned approach was to slow and seemingly ineffective
  • their peceful protests didnt get them noticed by the public
  • they moaned to much about suffragettes
  • people left the NUWSS to join the WSPU.
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suffragettes success

effective

  • their radical approach got them noticed by the public
  • stopped campaining to help war effort
  • their campains moved fast and their strategies were more effective than the suffragists

ineffective

  • their violent protests lost them repect from the public
  • people thought they were annoying
  • the authoritites took action against them 
  • they did more harm than good which made them unpopular
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what did women do to contribute to the war effort?

  • bus conductors
  • ticket collectors
  • mining
  • bus drivers
  • farming
  • made the munitions 
  • nurses
  • surgens
  • medics in the war
  • suffragist/suffragettes stopped their campains 
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why did some women get the vote in 1918?

  • the impact of the war
  • this earnt them huge respect and gained them more indepenence 
  • when Lloyd George became priminister in december1916

reresentation of the people act 1918

  • allowed women over 30 to vote
  • allowed all men over 21 to vote

other resons.

  • changing attitudes in society
  • more oportunities in education and employent
  • changes in legal positions
  • campains of suffragist and suffragettes
  • women had gained he vote in others countries
  • indivdual supporters of female suffrage like MPs were incresing
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why did some women get the vote in 1918?

  • the impact of the war
  • this earnt them huge respect and gained them more indepenence 
  • when Lloyd George became priminister in december1916

reresentation of the people act 1918

  • allowed women over 30 to vote
  • allowed all men over 21 to vote

other resons.

  • changing attitudes in society
  • more oportunities in education and employent
  • changes in legal positions
  • campains of suffragist and suffragettes
  • women had gained he vote in others countries
  • indivdual supporters of female suffrage like MPs were incresing
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