What are they?
- The word utopia resembles the greek words 'no place', 'outopos', 'eutopos','good place'
- In utopian fiction it is the creation of an ideal world
- Dystopian fiction is the creation of a nightmare world
- Many novels combine both often as a metaphor for the different directions humanity can take in its choices
- It can be post apocalyptic, sci-fi or be integrated with other themes e.g. 1984-George Orwell, Animal Farm-George Orwell, The handmaids tale-Magaret Wood
1 of 2
Themes within utopia and dystopia
- A totalitarian society comes up in dystopia a lot.
- Where by there is a politcal system that recognizes no limits to its authority and strives to regulate every aspect of public and private life wherever feasible.
- In utopia communism may be a relevant theme
- Communism is a revolutionary socialist movement to create a classless, moneyless and stateless soical order structured upon common order.
- Also there is utopian socialism where in a utopian world there is common ownership, democratic control by all social organization.
- In dystopia there is most often dicatorship and democracy in utopia
- In dystopia there can be capitalism where by there is an economic system based on private ownership of the means of production and the creation of goods.
2 of 2