Types Of Attachment


Types Of Attachment : Outline

Infants are willing to explore and unresponsive to mother's teturn they generally avoid social interaction and intimcay with others. 

Infants who are less interested in exploring and show distress on mother's reutrn fenerally they both seek intimacy and social-interaction. 

Secure Attachment 
Willing to explore, easy to soothe, high stranger anxiety. Infant is comfortable with social intercation and intimacy. Related to healthy subsquent cognitive and emotional development. Develops as a result of sensitive responding by caregiver to the infant's needs. 

Seperation Anxiety
Distress shown by and infant when separated from his/her attachment figure. 

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Types Of Attachment : Research Evidence

Disorganised Attachment - Main and Solomon 
Analysed videotapes of children in the Strange Situation and identified this fourth attachment type: Infants would show very strong attachment behaviour one minute, followed by avoidance of looking fearful towards the caregiver.

Disinhibited Attachment 
Results from prication. Infants try to form attachments with anyone they meet, but such attachments are superficial. 

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Types Of Attachment : Evaluation

Effects Of Attachment Type
We would expect securely attached infants to have better emotional and social development. Hazan and Shaver supported this, finding that people classified as securely attached in early life, later were more trusting and more likely to form lasting relationships. 

Sensitivity - Ainsworth
Found as she had predicted that mothers of securely attached infants were more sensitive, accepting, cooperative and accessible. This suggests that sensitivity leads to secure attachment, However maternal reflexive thinking has been found to be more important than sensitivity in establishing secure attachment. 

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