Treaty of Versailles

treaty of versailles revision cards

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  • Created by: Annabel
  • Created on: 06-05-11 10:07

Aims of the Big three

George Clemencau - President of france:
Wanted Germany to pay for the Damage, (wanted revenge)
Wanted independant Rhineland,
Wanted Germany weak and crippled.

 Woodrow Wilson - President of America:
He wanted the 14 points/better world safe for democracy,
Fair peace/ self-determination,
International Co-operation (Laeage of Nations)

David Lloyd George - Prime Minister of Britain:
Punish & make Germany pay , but didn't want revenge like france,
Protect the Brtish Empire,
Did not want to create anger in Germany which would lead to war in the future

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Five Terms

Guilt - clause 231, Germany accepted the blame for causing all the loss and damage of the war.

Army - 100,00, no submerines, no aeroplanes,  6 battleships, Rhineland de-militerised

Reparations - £6.6 million - in instalments until 1984

League of Nations - Set up

Extra points - forbade Anschluss/Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania independent states.


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Germans felt:

  • Unfairly treated
  • Guilt,- meaning 'such a confession in my mouth would be a lie' (Hitler is taking advantage)
  • Armed Forces - Germany could not defend itself in the League of Nations
  • Reparations - Starved German children
  • Germany lost territory - it made Germany poorer
  • League of Nations - Germany couldn't defend itself in the League of Nations
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Successes and failures

Nine nations set up - Poland, Finland, Austria, Hungary, Czechslovakia, Yugoslavia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania

Alsace Lorraine given to France
Minorities: countries had treat minorities fairly

Elections (plebiscites) in 3 places - Schleswig, Upper Silesia and the Saar 

Germans in Sudentenland to Czechoslovakia 
Anschluss forbidden
Minorities existed
Empires stayed
Specific violations 

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T-erritary s-saar land c- colonies r- rhur a-alsce lorraine p-polish corridor R-reparations A-armament W-war guilt L-leauge of nations

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