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  • Created by: Gabrielle
  • Created on: 14-12-11 11:02

  • TEPS used to obtain desirable behaviour in closed institutions
  • Behaviour of prisoners and aggressive offenders on communisty orders can be changed using OC - Skinners box
  • Perfomance of desired behaviours is possitively reinforced with tokens
  • Tokens can be saved up and exhanged for goods or priveledges
    e.g. watching TV
  • PUNISHMENT e.g. isolation
    Used to reduce frequency of non desired behaviour i.e. aggression
    Leads to increase in frequency of acceptable behaviours
    Aims to decrease frequency of unacceptable ones
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Important clear deifintions of

  • What is desired behaviour
  • What is a token
  • How are tokens allocated
  • What is a reward Free time/TV/Exercise
  • How will there be agradual changing of the giving of tokens to shape the behaviour
  • How many tokens for each reward
  • How the reward will be removed once behaviour is achieved
    Replace token withh praise over time = Continuous/Partial Reinforcement
    Stimulus: Reward
    Respone: Good behaviour

    The TEP rule must be obeyed by everyone in the same way

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Reasons why TEPs might not work

  • Staff not committed to the programme
  • Inconsistent rewards given for same behaviour
    Different views on behaviour
  • Failure to plan for transferring to the home environemnt OR
    any environment outside the institution
  • Doesn't know what happens when they leave
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  • Needs to be no delay between desired behaviour and reward
  • Anyone can given tokens
    Tokens/rewards cheap
  • Clear rules mena staff know when to away token, so programme relatively easy to administer
  • Sucessful in changing specific behaviours under controlled conditions
    (Hobbs and Halt)
  • Economical and staff require little training in order to administer the tokens
  • Rewards more ethical way of modifying behaviour than punishment
  • Found to be successful by many studies, even though there tends to be 10-20% of people who dont respond well to TEPS
  • Millan and Ayllon used TE successfully with prisoners suggesting it can be effective
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Recorded effects of introducting a TE to young delinquents across 3 small institutional units
Fourth unit acted as control
Tokens given for behaviour
E.g. obeying rules, doing chores properly, co- operative social interactions, queing for meals
Programme showed significant increase in targeted behaviours compaired to group NOT involved in programme

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  • Few long term studies have been done to see long term effects of programme once individual released from prison
  • Ethical issues may arise as institutions have the power to deprive privileges that others may see as rights
    e.g. phone
    May be seen to be enforcing change against prioners wills
  • Deprive human rights as no right to withdraw
  • Learning may not transfer to other situations
    e.g. home situations
    Might be recidivism
    Reinforced behaviour required in prison but may not be suitable once prison released
  • Only temporarily alter performance of aggressive behaviours
    Don't tackle cause of violent tendencies
  • Programmes have to carefully planned and controlled
    There are many areas where problems can occur
    (such as lack of consistency from staff)
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  • Ross and Mackay found deterioration in behaviour of dlinquent girls on TEP
    Technique not always effective
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