Biological analogy, works as a system and looks at structural approach. Consensus theory (All functionalists)
"March of progress" - family - improved. Family = supportive etc. BUT Dark side of family --> privatised nuclear family, domestic violence.
MURDOCK 4 functions: Sexual, Social, Reproductive, Economic
PARSONS: After industrialisation --> family lost its functions. Family = 2 functions = PRIMARY SOCIALISATION and STABILISATION OF ADULT PERSONALITIES. Instrumental role and expressive role.
Criticims: Outdated, Ignores dark side of the family, only focuses on nuclear family.
Range of values. Family is a cornerstone (key part of society). Concerned about decline of the family (increase in divorce etc) --> leads to widespread problems.
State = helped to develop a dependancy culture. Argue for "rolling back the state" --> not so relying on state.
CHARLES MURRAY: Described social decay, promiscuity (having several sexual relationships), illegitimacy, drug abuse.
They believe the traditional nuclear family needs to be encouraged and strengthened. MALE BREADWINNER - Needs to be reinforced.
Criticims: More concerned with cost cutting, ABBOTT AND WALLACE (Feminists) - They exploit women, it ignored unhappiness of women and ignores domestic violence. New right also end up undermining Nuclear family rather than supporting it.