The USA and Vietnam - Reasons for Public Opinion

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Media Coverage

  • TV WAR - WAR REPORTED UNSENSORED TO AMERICAN PUBLIC
    • BY 1967, 90% OF THE NEWS WAS ON THE WAR AND 50 MILLION WATCHED
    • MAGAZINES - GRAPHIC DIPICTION OF WAR E.G. CHILDREN RUNNING FROM NAPALM 
    • PEOPLE HORRIFIED
  • FILMING OF SAIGON DURING TET OFFENSIVE
    • SEEN AS MAJOR LOSS FOR USA - CONVINCED PUBLIC THAT USA COULDN'T WIN WAR
    • SHOCKED PUBLIC - MOST OF SAIGON DESTROYED
    • LEAD TO ELECTION OF PRESIDENT NIXON - PROMISED TO END WAR
  • EXPOSED BRUTALITY OF MY LAI MASSACRE
    • EXPOSED INCIDENT THAT US COVERED UP
    • USA PUBLIC OUTRAGED - LEAD TO PROTESTS
  • COVERAGE OF STUDENT PROTESTS E.G. KENT STATE
    • AFTER 1968 COVERAGE OF WAR FELL BY 61% - TAKEN OVER BY COVERAGE OF PROTESTS
    • FOUR KILLED - NOT INVOLVED WITH PROTESTS - PUBLIC OPINION TURNED MORE
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Cost of War

  • LIFE LOSS AND INJURY
    • 58,000 US SOLDIERS DIED DURING WAR
    • 100,000 LEFT DISABLED
    • 61% DEATHS WERE MEN UNDER 21
  • FINANCIAL COST
    • AT IT'S PEAK IT WAS COSTING $1 BILLION A DAY
  • PROPORTION OF MONEY SPENT ON WAR TO MONEY SPENT ON IMPORTANT THINGS
    • 1968 - WAR COST $88 MILLION
    • ONLY $28 MILLION BEING SPENT ON HEALTHCARE AND EDUCATION
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Protest Movements

  • TRIGGERED IN 1968 AFTER TET
    • 'DRAFT DODGERS' - PEOPLE BURNED DRAFTS - RESENTED WAR
    • SLOGANS - 'EIGHTEEN TODAY, DEAD TOMORROW'
    • DEMONSTRATIONS AND PROTEST MARCHES:
      • 1968 - 10,000 PROTESTORS IN CHICAGO
      • 1968 - 35,000 PROTESTED OUTSIDE WHITE HOUSE
      • 1970 - 300,000 TOOK PLACE IN VETERANS MARCH - MANY DEMONSTRATORS SEVERELY INJURED 
  • UNIVERSITY PROTESTS
    • SLOGANS: 'MAKE LOVE NOT WAR' - DEMONSTTAIONS (MOST PEACEFUL) AND STRIKES
    • KENT STATE PROTEST - OUT OF HAND - NATIONAL GAURD BROUGHT IN - SHOT FOUR PEOPLE - LATER PROVED NOT TO BE INVOLVED
  • FULLBRIGHT HEARINGS
    • WINTER SOLDIER INVESTIGATION - REVEALED INFO ABOUT WAR CRIMES IN VIETNAM
    • PROVED THAT BRUTAL INCIDENTS E.G. MY LAI NOT RARE
    • EXPOSED BRUTALLITY OF WAR
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Actions of USA

  • SEARCH AND DESTROY AND MY LAI
    • ZIPPO RAIDS VERGING ON INHUMANE - INNOCENT CIVILLIANS KILLED
    • NO DIGNITY OR DECENCY
    • MY LAI - 500 UNARMED MEN, WOMEN, CHILDREN KILLED - OUTRAGE
  • AGENT ORANGE AND NAPALM
    • OVER 0.5 MILLION CHILDREN BORN WITH DEFECTS DUE TO CHEMICAL WARFARE
    • CAUSED SEVERE BURNING OF SKIN - INHUMANE
    • HORRORS APPARENT THROUGH MEDIA - BRUTAL
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