The courts of first instance

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The courts of first instance

Magistrates--type of cases heard here= summary: a minor offence. Triable either way: slightly more serious offence.

3 magistrates decide whether the defendant is guilty, they also decide the sentence

Maximum sentencing power = 6 months or 12 months for 2 offences + £5k fine

Appeal to crown court from this court

Crown court-- type of cases heard here = triable either way: slightly more serious offences

Indictable: most serious offences

A jury decides whether the defendant is guilty, and the judge makes the sentence

Here is an unlimited sentencing at the court as well as a fine above £5k

You would appeal to court of appeal from this court

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