AQA GCSE Unit 1 Law

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  • Created on: 29-04-13 16:33
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17 March 2013
Lady justice holding
the scales of justice
which represent
fairness and equality.
resting above the `Old
Bailey' in London.
The English Legal System
By Matthew Anson

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UNIT 1 GCSE LAW 17 March 2013
Hierarchy of the courts
Criminal courts The High court has
3 divisions:
· Chancery divison:
company law,
partnerships and land
· Queens Bench divsion:
contract law and tort
· Family division: family
Criminal appeal courts:
There are four appellate courts,
depending on the grounds for appeal and where
the original trial was heard.…read more

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UNIT 1 GCSE LAW 17 March 2013
Duty solicitor scheme
Police station: the scheme enables a person who has been
arrested to receive free legal advice. This advice may be
provided over the phone if it is a minor offence.
Magistrates' court: a duty solicitor gives free legal advice
on the defendant's first court appearance, after being charged
with a criminal offence which carries a potential prison
sentence.…read more

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UNIT 1 GCSE LAW 17 March 2013
Governed by the `Bail
Act 1976'
Bail means being allowed to be at
liberty, rather than being held in
custody, while awaiting the next stage
in the criminal process.
· Police Bail: to appear at a police
station during their investigation or
by a custody officer at the police
station, following a charge to attend
court at a specific date.
· Court Bail: Bail can also be
granted by the Magistrates' court.…read more

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Criminal courts
UNIT 1 GCSE LAW 17 March 2013
Crown court
A jury in the Crown court tries indictable offences
and either way offences sent by the Magistrates'
court. A judge will oversee the trial and determine
sentencing if found guilty. The most famous
crown court is The Old Bailey in London, where
the most serious or high profile cases are heard.
I. Jury is sworn in
II. Prosecution opening speech and
witnesses are examined; cross examined and
re-examined if necessary
III.…read more

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UNIT 1 GCSE LAW 17 March 2013 Fines:
Post trial issues
Most common type of sentence, Individual deterrence is where we
Sentencing given where offence is not serious punish the offender in such a way
where he will never repeat the
Pre sentence reports are generally enough to merit a community penalty. criminal offence again.
obtained from the probation service
before a decision is made. Some Magistrates can fine up to:
General deterrence is where we
sentences are mandatory.…read more

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UNIT 1 GCSE LAW 17 March 2013
Post trial issues
Sentencing Young Offenders:
Community orders: Detention and training: for
offenders aged 15-17 years old as
a custodial sentence. The
minimum is 4 months and the
maximum is 24 months. This can
also be given to those aged 12-14
but only if they are persistent
Detention: for very serious offence
committed by people under the
age of 18.…read more

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UNIT 1 GCSE LAW 17 March 2013
Necessity test:
· To enable the person's name or address to be
· To prevent the person from: causing injury to himself
or any other person, suffering physical injury, causing
loss of or damage of property, committing an offence
against public decency and causing unlawful
obstruction of the highway.
· To protect a child or other vulnerable person.
· To allow the prompt and effective investigation of the
offence or of the conduct of the person.…read more

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Police Powers
UNIT 1 GCSE LAW 17 March 2013
PACE as amended by SOCPA
· Questioning by police must be tape recorded · Police can take samples such as hair or
· When someone is under 17 or any other saliva from the detained person without
vulnerable person is interviewed, an appropriate consent. Records are kept regardless of whether
adult must normally be present. being charged with an offence.
Searches, finger prints and
· Police may search a person when they arrest
them.…read more

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Civil courts
UNIT 1 GCSE LAW 17 March 2013
Flow chart
"In civil law, The defendant must reply within 14 days of the claim form
the highest in order to be able to dispute it.
court in the
land is the
Supreme "A district judge will here a small claims case in the
court" county court, normally, within the judge's chambers"
"Fast track
Costs: £30 for claims up to £300 rising to £1700 for a claim hearings last 1
over £300,000 day.…read more


becky parsons

is this for the aqa specification 2013? thanks



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