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17 March 2013

Lady justice holding
the scales of justice
which represent
fairness and equality.
resting above the `Old
Bailey' in London.

The English Legal System
By Matthew Anson


Page 2

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UNIT 1 GCSE LAW 17 March 2013
Hierarchy of the courts
Criminal courts The High court has
3 divisions:

· Chancery divison:
company law,
partnerships and land

· Queens Bench divsion:
contract law and tort

· Family division: family
Criminal appeal courts:

There are four appellate courts,

Page 3

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UNIT 1 GCSE LAW 17 March 2013
Duty solicitor scheme
Police station: the scheme enables a person who has been
arrested to receive free legal advice. This advice may be
provided over the phone if it is a minor offence.

Magistrates' court: a duty solicitor gives free legal advice

Page 4

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UNIT 1 GCSE LAW 17 March 2013
Governed by the `Bail
Act 1976'
Bail means being allowed to be at
liberty, rather than being held in
custody, while awaiting the next stage
in the criminal process.

· Police Bail: to appear at a police
station during their investigation or…

Page 5

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Criminal courts
UNIT 1 GCSE LAW 17 March 2013

Crown court
A jury in the Crown court tries indictable offences
and either way offences sent by the Magistrates'
court. A judge will oversee the trial and determine
sentencing if found guilty. The most famous
crown court is The Old Bailey…

Page 6

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UNIT 1 GCSE LAW 17 March 2013 Fines:
Post trial issues
Most common type of sentence, Individual deterrence is where we
Sentencing given where offence is not serious punish the offender in such a way
where he will never repeat the
Pre sentence reports are generally enough to merit a…

Page 7

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UNIT 1 GCSE LAW 17 March 2013
Post trial issues
Sentencing Young Offenders:
Community orders: Detention and training: for
offenders aged 15-17 years old as
a custodial sentence. The
minimum is 4 months and the
maximum is 24 months. This can
also be given to those aged 12-14
but only…

Page 8

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UNIT 1 GCSE LAW 17 March 2013
Necessity test:

· To enable the person's name or address to be
· To prevent the person from: causing injury to himself
or any other person, suffering physical injury, causing
loss of or damage of property, committing an offence
against public decency…

Page 9

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Police Powers
UNIT 1 GCSE LAW 17 March 2013

PACE as amended by SOCPA

· Questioning by police must be tape recorded · Police can take samples such as hair or
· When someone is under 17 or any other saliva from the detained person without
vulnerable person is…

Page 10

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Civil courts
UNIT 1 GCSE LAW 17 March 2013

Flow chart

"In civil law, The defendant must reply within 14 days of the claim form
the highest in order to be able to dispute it.
court in the
land is the
Supreme "A district judge will here a small…


becky parsons


is this for the aqa specification 2013? thanks






nothing you've posted is useful. sorry



I apologise, this was produced for the specification I studied in 2012-2013, it may have changed since then. 

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