Tenses

The 7 tenses you should know for your HL French Exams.

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  • Created by: Alice.25
  • Created on: 08-05-16 19:14

Present Tense

RULE Take the full verb and remove the er, ir or re ending. The remaining verb is now the stem you will use for the tense.

ENDINGS FOR ER VERBS

Example: Jouer

Je joueTu joues, Il joue, Nous jouons, Vous jouez, Ils/Elles jouent

ENDINGS FOR RE VERBS

Example: Rendre

Je rends, Tu rends, Il/Elle rend, Nous rendons, Vous rendez, Ils/Elles rendent

ENDINGS FOR IR VERBS

Example: Choisir

Je choisis, Tu choisis, Il/Elle choisit, Nous choisissons, Vous choisissez, Ils/Elles choisissent

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Future Tense

RULE Take the whole verb and add the endings.

VERB ENDINGS IN IR AND ER

Example: Manger

Je mangerai

Tu mangeras

Il/Elle mangera

Nous mangerons

Vous mangerez

Ils/Elles mangeront

VERBS ENDING IN RE RULE Take the final e off and then add the endings stated above.

Example: Vendre becomes Je vendrai

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Perfect Tense

VERB RULE A tense used to say what has happened, you take the endings off the verb and add the corresponding endings. These endings don't change for each person, they only change per ending of the verb. For être verbs, the past participle (main verb) must agree with the subject!

ER VERBS end in é

IR VERBS end in i

RE VERBS end in u

AUXILARY VERBS RULE In the perfect tense, the verb has to follow an auxilary verb, either être or avoir in the present tense.

ÊTRE IN THE PRESENT TENSE

Je suis, Tu es, Il/Elle est, Nous sommes, Vous êtes, Ils/Elles sont.

AVOIR IN THE PRESENT TENSE

J'ai, Tu as, Il/Elle a, Nous avons, Vous avez, Ils/Elles ont.

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Imperfect Tense

RULE Take the nous form of the verb and drop the ons ending. The remaining verb is now the stem on which you add the imperfect endings.

VERB ENDINGS

Example: Parler

Je parlais

Tu parlais

Il/Elle parlait

Nous parlions

Vous parliez

Ils/Elles parlaient

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Conditional Past

RULE This is a compound conjugation, which means the verb has two parts.

1. Conditional of the auxiliary verb.

2. Past participle (perfect tense) of the verb.

AVOIR

Example: Aimer

J'aurais aimé, Tu aurais aimé, Il/Elle aurait aimé, Nous aurions aimé, Vous auriez aimé, Ils/Elles auraient aimé

ÊTRE

Example: Devenir

Je serais devenu(e), Tu serait devenu(e), Il/Elle serait devenu(e), Nous serions devenu(e)s, Vous seriez devenu(e)s, Ils/Elles seraient devenu(e)s

HINT: THE ENDINGS ARE THE SAME AS THE IMPERFECT ONES!

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Conditional Mood

RULE Take the infinitive form of the verb and add the appropriate endings.

VERB ENDINGS ER AND IR

Example: Parler

Je parlerais

Tu parlerais

Il/Elle parlerait

Nous parlerions

Vous parleriez

Ils/Elles parleraient

VERB ENDINGS FOR RE Take the final e and then add the same endings.

HINT: THE ENDINGS ARE THE SAME AS THE IMPERFECT TENSE!

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Pluperfect Tense

RULE This is a compound conjugation, meaning it is composed of two parts:

1. Imperfect of the auxiliary verb.

2. Past participle (perfect tense) of the main verb.

AVOIR

Example: Aimer

J'avais aimé, Tu avais aimé, Il/Elle avait aimé, Nous avions aimé, Vous aviez aimé, Ils/Elles avaient aimé

ÊTRE

Example: Devenir

J'étais devenu(e), Tu étais devenu(e), Il/Elle était devenu(e), Nous étions devenu(e)s, Vous étiez devenu(e)s, Ils/Elles étaient devenu(e)s

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