FEATURES OF CLASSICAL MUSIC
-Wider instrumental range in orchestra
-Textures are simpler (homophonic mostly)
-Harpsichord replaced with the piano
-Crescendos and diminuendos now used.
In SONATA FORM:
-First Subject -> made up of a falling motif in G MINOR. played by strings
-Second Subject -> descending chromatic patterns in B FLAT MAJOR. woodwind now added
- Based on first subject, but developed and fragmented. MOVES THROUGH LOTS OF KEYS
-First Subject -> Repeat but with variation. G MINOR
-Second Subject -> Repeat but with variation. G MINOR
-Coda -> Repeated perfect cadences which end the piece. G MINOR
HARMONY AND MELODY
Use of pedal notes, played by the cellos.
The melody is made up of balanced FOUR AND EIGHT BAR phrases. (question and answer)
RHYTHM, METRE AND TEMPO
Fairly simple, short rhythmic ideas are repeated to create unity.
ANACRUSIS is used in the 1st subject.
Molto Allegro throughout. V FAST
-Counterpoint and imitation (development)
-Octave doubling (frequently used)
-Dialogue between woodwind and strings (2nd subj)
Mozart uses a chamber orchestra. (strings/woodwind/horns)
Play a variety of material, eg. the melody, quick running scales, chords and sustained notes.
Don't play as much, have more sustained notes.
Have a dialogue with the strings at the start of the second subject.
2 horns in different keys (G and Bflat) which maximises the number of notes they can play.
Play held/repeated notes.
1ST subject is quiet
TRANSITION is loud
2ND subject begins quiet and ends loud
Starts and ends quietly with a loud section in the middle.
Similar to the exposition.