What are the three components of a nucleotide?
-A phosphate group
-A pentose sugar (DNA or RNA)
-Nitrogen base (adenine, thymine, cystonine, guanine)
What reaction forms a mononucleotide?
What is the name of the bonds formed between bases
How does 'stability' in a DNA molecule allow for i
Can pass from generation to generation without change
How does 'hydrogen bonds between strands' in a DNA
Allows them to seperate during DNA replication and protein synthesis
How does the DNA being a 'very large molecule' all
Able to carry an immense amount of information
How does the DNA having 'base pairs on the inside
This is so that genetic information is protected from being corrupted by outside chemical and physical forces
Define the term 'gene'
Genes are sections of DNA that contain the coded information for making polypeptides (proteins)
What are Introns?
non coding sections of a DNA
What are exons?
coding sections of a DNA