What Is Secularisation
- Secularisation is the decline of the role and influence of religion in today's society.
- This could be proved by several factors;
- Official Statistics
- Structural Differentiation
- Mainly this could be due to things such as globalisation with the increase in scientific technology and blurred boarders.
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- Official statistics on religion are collected from various official surveys. Documents such as the census and lifestyle questionnaires show the current importance of religion in today's society.
- Evidence Secularisation IS occurring;
- Brierley - A significant decline in traditional church membership is down by a 1/3. Even Weddings and Baptism attendance is down.
- Bruce - By 2030 religion will of died out in the UK.
- Evidence Secularisation IS'NT occurring;
- Statistics only show attendance of traditional religion is declining.
- Stark - He believes in the past people were forced to go to church but nowadays people have more choice as opposed to being forced to believe.
- There is a large increase in NRM's. Religion is transforming not declining.
- Grace Davies - Believing not Belonging. The idea that we may not attend any more but we do believe.
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- Disengagement is the separation of the church from the state. In the middle ages the church ruled society and government but nowadays it has little influence.
- Evidence secularisation IS occurring;
- Martin - The welfare state now takes care of us, opposed to the church.
- During times of upheaval people turn to the state and non - religious organisations such as NSPCC and Childline.
- The Pope use to be far more influential.
- Evidence Secularisation Isn't occurring;
- Functionalism argue that religion has a much more specialist role in society such as controlling morals.
- Casanova - Religion has shifted from being part of an individuals life to being an influence over society as a whole.
- Tony Blair was heavily influenced by religion.
- The Queen is head of CofE and the state,,
- We swear oath on the Bible in court.
- Pressure groups can be very influential.
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